No matter where you want to go and what you want to bring with you, our Hitches & Towing Accessories help you turn your vehicle into a road trip ready trailer-hauling machine. At AutoAccessoriesGarage.com we offer a complete selection of hitches for cars, SUVs, and trucks, as well as a huge collection of accessories that make your towing experience safe, stress-free, and fun. Read below to learn how to choose the right hitch for your needs and how to tow your gear safely.
- Choose The Best Hitch For Your Vehicle
- How To Install A Hitch
- Hitch Parts & Accessories
- Towing Safety Tips
There are a wide variety of Trailer Hitches out there, each designed for different applications and trailer types. Don't let the wide selection intimidate you - there are several factors you should take into consideration when shopping for a hitch, including your vehicle and what you plan to haul with it.
For instance, if you drive a Toyota Matrix, be sure to check your vehicle's owners manual when looking for a Toyota Matrix hitch. There you'll find the TW and GTW that your vehicle can tow safely. GTW (Gross Trailer Weight) means the total mass of your trailer, including all of your cargo and hardware. TW (Tongue Weight) is the amount of weight that rests directly on your hitch. Once you know these two figures you can easily figure out what type of hitch you can install on your vehicle.
Trailer Weight and Class Ratings
Once you know the weight of your trailer and your vehicle's towing capacity you can zero in on the type of hitch you need. Trailer Hitches come in five weight classes to accommodate for different trailer and vehicle types. Whether you need a Pontiac Vibe hitch or a Chevrolet Colorado hitch, it's easy to find if you know where to look. Use the guide below to find the hitch class you'll need for your towing rig.
There are plenty of hitch manufacturers out there, so be sure to check out their different features to find the right hitch for your needs. Curt Hitches are among our most popular for their well-fitting vehicle-specific designs and rust-resistant powder coat finishes. If it's a low-profile look you're after, the Hidden Hitch Receiver Hitch features removable drawbars that make it virtually invisible when not in use.
Heavy Duty Hitches
Class 1-5 Receiver Hitches are designed to pull most trailers and light boats, but sometimes you need even more strength to pull your huge campers and horse trailers. Heavy Duty Hitches and towing equipment let you haul even the biggest loads out there. They do this by placing the hitching point in the truck bed, over the rear axle. By mounting the hitch over the axles your truck can support much more weight than a traditional bumper hitch.
There are two types of hitches used in most heavy-duty towing situations, each with a different type of coupler:
Gooseneck Hitches have trailer balls like standard hitches, but the ball mounts in the middle of your truck bed. Your Gooseneck Hitch equipped truck can support much more weight, making it able to carry larger campers and trailers (up to 30,000 lbs. GTW/6,000 lbs. TW). Plus, gooseneck-type trailers can make tighter turns than standard trailers and hitches due to their more forward pivot point. These hitches are typically used on trucks with 4-wheel rear axles to handle the weight. Many models like the B&W Gooseneck Hitch can be easily removed or folded down to give you full truck bed access when you aren't towing.
Fifth Wheel Hitches resemble the heavy-duty hitches you see on semi trucks. Like Gooseneck Hitches, they also have a high weight capacity (16,000-30,000 lbs. GTW/5,000 lbs. TW) due to their bed-mounted design. People who tow larger trailers like big campers and car haulers love 5th Wheel Hitches because they're extremely stable and easy to maneuver. Most have a pivoting design that absorbs and adjusts to bumps and changing road conditions, giving you a smoother towing experience. These heavy-duty Fifth Wheel Hitches typically mount to rails you permanently bolt to your truck bed, and can usually be removed for bed access.
Weight Distributing Hitches
Standard receiver hitches and bumper hitches are considered "weight carrying hitches" because all of the trailer's tongue weight is carried by the ball and the receiver. Heavy tongue weight tends to pull your tow vehicle's rear end down and lift the front end up, causing an uneven and less stable ride. These problems can be solved by using a load equalizing hitch, more commonly known as a Weight Distributing Hitch.
Weight Distributing Hitches from Blue Ox and Curt are similar to standard weight carrying hitches, except they utilize long rods (called spring bars) that exert more leverage on your vehicle's frame. This transfers some of your trailer's tongue weight to the forward wheels, keeping your vehicle level and enhancing your stability. More even weight distribution also means you can haul heavier loads, and do it more safely.
Weight Distributing Hitches like the Blue Ox Weight Distribution Hitch can be used on any vehicle with a Class 3-5 receiver hitch. Even if you already have a hitch installed on your vehicle you can add a weight distributor to accommodate for heavier loads.
Front Mount Hitches
Sometimes it's handy to have a trailer hitch receiver mounted on the front of your vehicle. Front Mount Hitches are convenient for applications like using a boat ramp because they give you close control over your trailer. These hitches are also great for mounting accessories like snow plows and winch plates. Front Mount Hitches can be easily installed on most trucks, vans and SUVs.
Flat-Towing Behind Your RV
Towing a car with your motorhome requires different hardware than hauling trailers with your truck. The main piece you need is a Tow Bar. Brands like Blue Ox Tow Bars usually have a super-high weight capacity so you can tow even the heaviest trucks, and they connect your RV to your vehicle's baseplate. The Blue Ox Base Plate is custom-designed to your vehicle to bolt easily to your frame, and for many vehicles they have removable tabs so they won't affect your exterior looks.
Installing a trailer hitch isn't as tough as it may seem at first sight. Your Honda Ridgeline trailer hitch, for instance, is fully custom-designed to your exact year, make, and model vehicle. Most receiver hitches are engineered to bolt directly to existing holes in your frame for a no-drill installation. Therefore, most hitch installations are relatively simple, do-it-yourself jobs. You will probably want to ask a friend to help, as it can be difficult to hold up both ends of the hitch while bolting certain pieces on. The following video is an example of a typical hitch installation:
In some cases you might have to temporarily move pieces of your exhaust system out of the way to fit the hitch in, but often this is a pretty simple task. Some vehicles do require drilling and extensive mechanical work to install. If you are not experienced with mechanical work, we suggest that you bring your hitch in to a shop for a professional installation.
Aside from your Hummer H3 hitch, there are many parts that perform important tasks in your towing rig. From electrical connections to safety chains, each of these accessories ensures your towing is safe, secure, and stress-free.
Safety Tip: Just like hitches, Trailer Hitch Balls come in a range of weight ratings. Make sure your ball is properly rated to handle the weight of your trailer before towing.The Hitch Ball (aka Tow Ball or Trailer Ball) is the "business end" of your hitch. Your trailer coupler mounts and locks on top of the hitch ball, making it the point where the trailer connects to your vehicle. Hitch Balls are designed to allow your vehicle and trailer to turn corners and accommodate bumps and dips in the road. They come in a variety of sizes from 1 7/8" to 3". Generally, the lighter the trailer the smaller the hitch ball. Hitch balls also have a variety of shank diameters and lengths to fit different trailer heights.
The hitch ball is bolted to the Ball Mount. Also known as a draw bar or a stinger, a ball mount is a square steel tube that includes a heavy mounting plate to hold the hitch ball. Ball Mounts come in a wide variety of sizes to suit different trailer balls. Plus, because trailer tongues come in many different heights, they're also available with different amounts of drop or lift to properly connect to your trailer. Many ball mounts are reversible - for example, you can install a Curt Ball Mount for a 3 1/4" drop, or flip it upside down for a 2 5/8" lift. There are also several adjustable ball mounts available, which let you select the amount of rise or drop you need without buying a separate mount.
Hitch Pins & Locks
Hitch Pins hold the ball mount in the hitch. Most are shaped like a hockey stick and have a hole drilled in one end for mounting a hairpin-shaped retaining clip. Sometimes a long bolt with a lock-washer and a nut is used in place of a hitch pin.
Your trailer, aside from being a big investment itself, is often full of valuable equipment. Thieves often try to take advantage of how easy it can be to remove a trailer from a hitch and drive off with your goods. For extra security, add a Curt Trailer Hitch Lock to secure the ball mount to your vehicle. These locks feature a dead bolt in place of the retaining clip, making it virtually impossible to remove your ball mount without a key. Reese Tailer Coupler Locks are also available to secure your trailer to the hitch ball.
Every trailer requires at least one safety chain for safe towing. In the event of a hitch or coupler failure, Safety Chains catch the nose of the trailer, helping restrain it and prevent it from completely separating from your vehicle. Heavy trailers utilize two safety chains that are crossed under the coupler for additional strength and stability.
Your trailer has brake lights and turn signals that must be connected to your tow vehicle to legally use your rig on public roads. Therefore, you need some wiring to connect your trailer lights to your vehicle's lighting system.
Many late-model vehicles, from trucks and vans to RVs, have trailer lighting connectors pre-installed for easy wiring. If your vehicle is not equipped with trailer connections, you will need a Hitch Wiring Harness to interface your electrical system with your trailer. Many light wiring harnesses, such as Curt T-Connectors, are custom-designed to your exact vehicle so you can easily add them to your lighting system without cutting or splicing any wires.
Trailer Brakes & Brake Controllers
Smaller, lighter trailers like a Honda Fit trailer hitch tend to have one or two axles that roll freely and are easily controlled by your vehicle's brakes. Many heavy and large trailers are required to have their own set of brakes to ensure safer stopping and better control over your towing rig. Your brake pedal needs to be interfaced with your trailer brakes so all your wheels slow down at the same time. This job is done with a Trailer Brake Controller.
Brake Controllers tell trailer brakes when to engage and how strongly they need to be applied. These controllers come in a variety of types, depending on your trailer's size, its brakes, and your towing habits:
- Timed Brake Controllers are the simple, economical way to control your trailer brakes. They're designed to increase trailer brake pressure the longer your foot is on the brake pedal
- Inertia Brake Controllers use an internal sensor attached to an external pendulum to detect the deceleration of your vehicle and engages the trailer brakes accordingly. Inertia Trailer Brake Controllers are better at detecting how hard you're braking at any given time, making them more powerful and responsive than timed controllers.
- Accelerometer/Proportional Brake Controllers use a completely internal sensor system to detect the braking force you're applying to your towing vehicle. These ultra-intelligent trailer brake controllers are excellent for larger trailers and more frequent/long-distance towing.
- Tow Vehicle Braking Systems are designed for motorhomes that are flat-towing a car. Units like the Blue Ox Patriot Towing Brake System respond to your RV brakes and actually press the brake pedal on the towed vehicle using an electric piston. Like Trailer Brake Controllers, these systems can also give you manual control over the tow vehicle's brakes if it starts swaying.
Virtually all Trailer Brake Controllers have a lever that lets you manually activate the brakes if your trailer begins to sway. They also require special wiring to connect to your trailer brakes. Just like with trailer lights, many vehicles made after the mid-90s come with pre-installed brake controller connections, or you can purchse a Curt Brake Controller Wiring Harness for splice-free installation.
Towing can be a safe and easy activity, but there are many safety factors you need to consider with regard to your Scion xB hitch before and during your trip. Your towing rig weighs more and is less nimble than other cars on the road, which can make it harder to control and stop in emergency situations. Plus, the many individual pieces needed to setup your Ford Taurus trailer hitch all need to be installed and maintained properly to ensure safe, accident-free towing. By simply observing a few safety rules and practices you can keep the likelihood of accidents to a minimum and take excellent control over your towing vehicle.
Check Your Tow Vehicle
- Examine your tires and make sure they're in good shape and properly inflated
- Check your lights, turning signals, and reverse lights
- Check all fluids such as oil and coolant
- Make sure your brakes are in good shape and working properly
Check Your Trailer
- Check your tires for proper inflation and good condition
- Test all lights and make sure they're fully connected
- If your trailer has brakes, make sure they're in good shape and working properly
- Load most of your cargo weight over the trailer's axle(s)
- Tie down any loose cargo
- Close and secure all doors and windows
Check Your Hitch Connections
- Make sure your ball mount is properly secured with a hitch pin or lock, and that your hitch ball is tightly bolted on
- Secure your socket or coupler over the ball and make sure it's providing a full range of motion
- Ensure safety chains are securely attached and crossed
- Double-check your trailer brake and trailer light wiring harnesses and make sure all electrical accessories are working correctly
- Check your connections and adjustments after 50-100 miles of towing
Practicing safe driving habits is essential when towing. Hauling a trailer on your Volkswagen Jetta trailer hitch drastically alters the way your vehicle handles and adds considerable weight and length to your rig. By following these rules you can minimize the chance of mishaps and ensure a safer and more confident towing experience.
- Avoid sudden braking and jerky steering. Every little move you make with your vehicle affects your trailer in a big way. Sudden movements can cause your trailer to sway, skid, or jackknife.
- Maintain reasonable speeds. Towing a trailer requires staying at a consistent and moderate speed to maintain full control. Keeping your speed down prevents your trailer from swaying and improves your ability to react to changing road conditions.
- Learn how to keep sway under control. Sway can be caused by influences out of your control such as wind and air pressure changes. If your trailer starts swaying, let go of the accelerator and slow down. As your speed goes down the trailer should correct itself. Do not step on the brake pedal - braking will actually make the sway worse.
- Leave lots of space between yourself and other drivers. The extra weight of a trailer greatly lengthens your braking distance. Don't follow too closely behind the drivers in front of you and minimize the chance of rear-ending.
- Look ahead. Because it takes much longer to maneuver your towing vehicle, take a long view of the road ahead. Seeing upcoming traffic, changing road conditions, or construction gives you more time to make the speed lane changes you need.
- Be careful and observant when changing lanes. Adding a trailer can make your rig over twice as long as your un-hitched vehicle. Make sure you have a clear view of the lanes next to you - we recommend adding a set of Towing Mirrors to improve your visibility. You also need extra room to change lanes, as you can't brake or accelerate as quickly as other vehicles.
- Accommodate for faster and slower vehicles. You won't be able to keep up with the speed demons when you have a heavy trailer attached. Be courteous to faster traffic and allow other drivers to get past you efficiently. Also, if you need to pass a slower vehicle, allow much more distance to maneuver than you would in a normal car. Being moderate and courteous with faster and slower traffic makes driving safer and less frustrating for everyone on the road.
Backing up a vehicle with a trailer can be a tricky and intimidating task, but a few basic rules can help make it easier.
- Hold the steering wheel at the 6 o'clock position. The rear of the trailer will swing in the direction you move your hand.
- Make small steering adjustments. Your trailer greatly exaggerates the changes you make with the steering wheel, so make short and frequent wheel turns.
- If possible, have another person outside of the vehicle for guidance. A Backup Camera could also come in handy.
- Always walk a lap around your towing rig and make sure there aren't any obstacles behind you. Unless you have a backup camera installed on your trailer, you will have a severely limited rear view.
Hills and Declines
The extra weight attached via your Toyota Corolla trailer hitch puts extra stress on your engine, transmission, and brakes. Taking your rig on upgrades and downgrades pushes your vehicle especially hard. Keep these tips in mind when hitting hills and mountains to extend the life of your towing vehicle.
- Downshift on downgrades. When you're coming down a hill, drop your vehicle into a lower gear and take it slow. Shifting into a lower gear helps slow down your vehicle without relying solely on your brakes.
- Upshift when climbing hills. Shifting into a higher gear helps add some extra power when facing an upgrade.
- Go easy on your brakes. Downshifting helps you slow down on declines, but if you need to apply the brakes, tap your brake pedal in firm, brief presses. Pause between taps to let your brake parts cool. Your heavy towing rig puts a huge demand on your brakes. If you plan ahead, downgrade, and use your brakes lightly, they'll perform better and last longer.
- Keep an eye on your temperature gauges. Pulling heavy trailers and climbing hills can push your engine and transmission to its limits. If you notice your trans or engine heating up, pull over for a bit and give them a break. If you tow frequently, consider adding a transmission cooler to your vehicle for better performance with less overheating.
Hauling heavy trailers and toys is a breeze when you're equipped with the right towing gear. We hope this Hitches & Towing Research Guide helps you know a little more about towing and lets you make a more informed decision when shopping for trailer hitches and accessories. If you have any more questions or suggestions about the information in this guide please contact our experienced Customer Service Department at 800-663-1570.
This page was written by Packy AutoAccessoriesGarage